Cities of Australia

澳大利亚的城市 Learn about the cities and regions

Learn about some of the cities of Australia.

Exploring Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Sailing, Sydney Hobart Yacht Race, Tourism Australia, Photographer: Ian Lever
Tourism Australia

Sydney is the capital city of New South Wales on the beautiful and enormous Sydney Harbour. Sydney is Australia’s largest city with over 4.8 million people. In Sydney, you will find many good restaurants and plenty of opportunity for shopping.

Strolling along the many harbour walks will give you the opportunity to view the picturesque Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House.

The coast is close to the city, so some of the best beaches in Australia can be reached by the good public transport options of bus (Bondi), ferry (Manly) or train (Cronulla).


Exploring Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

student activities in melbourne australia
Hot Air Ballooning, Melbourne, Victoria, Tourism Australia, Time Out Australia

Melbourne is the capital city of Victoria. Here you will find a vibrant city of around 4.5 million people.

There are many sporting events, such as the motor racing Australian Grand Prix, AFL football and the Australian Open tennis championship.

Melbourne is also the place to go for the theatre, art exhibitions and a top dining experience. Must see areas are the Little Bourke St Chinatown and the SouthBank restaurant strip. You will find wonderful shopping in the large department stores and on the smaller scale in trendy lanes and arcades.

A popular tourist experience is to visit St Kilda Beach on the local tram and walk out on to the pier. Here you can take in the view or stop for a tea break.


Exploring Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Story Bridge, Brisbane, Queensland, Tourism Australia Queensland, Australia

Queensland is Australia’s favourite beach state with cities and towns all along the east coast from the Gold Coast to Cairns. Here you will find beautiful beaches and stunning scenery.

Australians visit Queensland during the winter months for warm weather and outdoor living, however during summer the weather is very hot and humid.

Queensland is home to the Great Barrier Reef where you can take a boat trip to snorkel and see the beautiful coral.

Brisbane is the capital city with around 2.3 million people and it is close to two favourite holiday destinations,the Sunshine Coast and Gold Coast.


Exploring Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Perth from Kings Park, Western Australia, Tourism Australia

Western Australia is a very large state, occupying all of the west coast of Australia. For this reason the scenery and climate is very diverse and the distances to travel to see parts of the state are very large.

Perth is the beautiful and fast growing capital city on the banks of the Swan River in the South of the State. Perth has over 2 million people.

Western Australia has some very big mining operations which supply the world with iron ore (to make steel) and other precious metals such as gold, silver and nickel.

Further to the south from Perth, the Margaret River is a must see tourist destination, with the more temperate climate growing sone of Australia’s favourite wines.


Exploring Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Glenelg, Adelaide, South Australia, Tourism Australia

Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia, has around 1.4 million people and is close to the southern coast.

Adelaide is a very easy city to live in with beautiful parks and buildings. Glenelg, one of the Adelaide seaside suburbs is well worth a visit and is easily accessible by tram.

South Australia is home to some Australia’s best wine and produce areas. No visit to this state is complete without a tour to the Barossa Valley wine region to have a wine tasting from some of the best wineries.


Exploring Hobart, Tasmania

Waterfront, Hobart, Tasmania, Tourism Australia

Tasmania is an island state south of mainland Australia.

In all of Tasmania, there are only .5 million people, so you will find peace and quiet, and whole beaches to yourself.

Tasmania is known for having very good local produce and an award wining wine industry.

Hobart is the capital city of Tasmania and has a population of 220,000 people.  In Hobart you will find a lovely small city with great restaurants, bars and cafes and all within close walking distance to the working port.

The port of Hobart is home to fishing boats and is the base for French and Australian Antarctic expeditions.


Exploring Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Parliament House Canberra
Parliament House, Canberra, Australian Tourism

In 1901, the old colonies of Australia joined and Australia became a federation of states and territories.

Sydney and Melbourne were in competition to become the capital city and had similar population and influence.

In 1927, Canberra was developed as a neutral site as it was inland and between Melbourne and Sydney. The new capital city was to become the home to the Australian Parliament and official residence of the Prime Minister.

Canberra is the capital of Australia and also of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Canberra is also home to many government offices and because of this has a large population of government workers. Although the land area of the ACT is small, the population is growing and is now around 400,000 people.


Exploring Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

Sunset, Darwin, Northern Territory, Tourism Australia

Darwin was named after Charles Darwin, a famous English scientist who voyaged the world gathering geological, plant and animal specimens.  Charles Darwin visited what is now known as Darwin, in 1839 on HMS Beagle.

The settlement commenced in 1839.

Darwin is now a thriving tropical and multicultural centre. Spectacular scenery is all around this area of the Northern Territory. Destinations such as the Kakadu National Park are a short distance away and easily accessible by taking tours or hiring a car.